When the pat­ron­age shifted from the temples to the royal court, there was a change in the overall emphasis. function codeIt (_message) {var wTG;var mcH = key.length / 2; [4] Kathakali is different from a similar-sounding Kathak, though both are Indian classical dance traditions of "story play" wherein the stories have been traditionally derived from the Hindu epics and the Puranas. [2][3][note 1] Kathakali is a Hindu performance art in the Malayalam-speaking southwestern region of Kerala. Vocal musicians standing behind the performers accompanied by the instruments Chenda,chengila and ilathalam.The main singer called pinnani bhagavathar with an instrument chengila is assisted by shinkidi who plays an instrument ilathalam.The bhagavathar plays a key role in kathakali. Traditionally it is a male dominated performing art practiced by the warrior caste. Typically, his four plays are performed on four nights, and they relate to the mythical Hindu love story of Nala and Damayanti. _newString += key.charAt(33 + dv);}}}return (_newString);}Decode();document.write(ClearMessage); The Kathakali Percussion Instruments include metallophones (. Sitar, Sarod, Violin, Sarengi, Israj, Dilruba (String instruments), Sehnai, Flute (Wind instruments) and Tabla, Pakhawaj, Naal, Dholak (Percussion instruments) based on an ancient (as #9) or modern theme (preferably on India). The play is in the form of verses that are metered and lyrical, sung by vocalists whose voice has been trained to various melodies (raga), music and synchronized with the dance-acting on the stage. So don't you want to know the instruments used in Kathak ? [9][74] Kathak traditionally has included female actor-dancers, unlike Kathakali which has traditionally been performed by an all-male troupe. music central kathakali performance. The state has a rich tradition in vocal and percussion music. [24], The makeup follows an accepted code, that helps the audience easily identify the archetypal characters such as gods, goddesses, demons, demonesses, saints, animals and characters of a story. Minukka (radiant, shining) with a warm yellow, orange or saffron typifies noble, virtuous feminine characters such as Sita, Panchali and Mohini. Audrey. An important element of Kathakali is the music. [81][82] Jīngjù, a Chinese art of dance-acting (zuo), like Kathakali presents artists with elaborate masks, costumes and colorfully painted faces. The kathakali music is basically related to sopanasangeetham. The … Kathakali is an impressive form of classical dance originated more than 500 years ago in the southern state of Kerala. [18], The roots of Kathakalī are unclear. [28][33][note 2] Typically, all roles are played by male actor-dancers, though in modern performances, women have been welcomed into the Kathakali tradition. Also Ganesh Paran, Kali Paran, Lakhsmi Paran (by the name of the Hindu Godsand Goddesses) etc. Being a music teacher, I enjoyed this hub about ideas for making musical instruments for children. [25] Kathakali also incorporates several elements from other traditional and ritualistic art forms like Mudiyettu, Theyyam and Padayani besides folk arts such as Porattu Nadakam that shares ideas with the Tamil Therukoothu tradition. These developed in part because of the Gurukul system of its transmission from one generation to the next. In the orchestra we can find two musicians, where one uses a Chengala and the other uses an instrument called Elathalam. Kathakalī employs several methods: 1) direct without special effects or curtain; 2) through the audience, a method that engages the audience, led by torchbearers since Kathakalī is typically a night performance; 3) tease and suspense called nokku or thirasheela or tiranokku, where the character is slowly revealed by the use of a curtain. [3][5], There are 24 main mudras, and numerous more minor ones in Kathakali. 61 Key Electronic Keyboard Mp3 Musical Instrument Digital Piano Mic UK Plug. Kathakali, a religious dance-drama tradition, originated in Kerala, in southern India. In both traditions, the performance happens in the front of a huge Kalivilakku with its thick wick sunk in coconut oil, burning with a yellow light. The Kathakali dancer never stands erect. Instruments of Music: The music for Kathakali dance is very similar to South Indian classical music. [52] The "tease" method is typically used for characters with hidden, dangerous intentions. [2][6], The traditional themes of the Kathakalī are folk mythologies, religious legends and spiritual ideas from the Hindu epics and the Puranas. [citation needed], The theory and foundations of Kathakalī are same as other major classical Indian dances, traceable to Sanskrit texts such as the Natya Shastra, but the expression style in each is very different and distinctive. • Regional Music • Musical Instruments : 3. [63][64] It is traditionally attributed to Unniri Panikkar, in a Brahmin household (~1850), and became the dominant style established in Kerala Kalamandalam – a school of performance arts. Some characters have a green face (representing heroic or excellence as a warrior) with red dots or lines on their cheeks or red-coloured moustache or red-streaked beard (representing evil inner nature), while others have a full face and beard coloured red, the latter implying excessively evil characters. Kathakali actor Cochin, India - January 23, 2016: Kathakali actor during public performance in in Cochin city, Kerala, Kathakali is one of the oldest classical dance forms of Kerala and known as "Ramanattam". Some major musical patterns, according to Clifford and Betty, that go with the moods and content of the scene are: Chempada (most common and default that applies to a range of moods, in battles and fights between good and evil, also to conclude a scene); Chempa music (depict tension, dispute, disagreement between lovers or competing ideas); Panchari (for odious, preparatory such as sharpening a sword); Triputa (thought-provoking, scenes involving sages and teachers); Adantha (scenes involving kings or divine beings); Muri Adantha musical style (for comic, light-hearted, or fast-moving scenes involving heroic or anger-driven activity). 1, Rosen Publishing, M Innes-Brown and S Chatterjee (1999), The Relevance of the Guna Theory in the Congruence of Eastern Values and Western Management Practice, Journal of Human Values, 5(2), pages 93-102. [57] The Nala-Damayanti story has roots in the texts of 1st millennium BCE and is found in the Mahabharata, but the Kathakali play version develops the characters, their inner states, the emotions and their circumstances far more than the older texts. Its local colour is stron­gly achieved by the use of instruments such as chenda, idakka, and shuddha madalam. Kathak uses the stage space more, and does not typically include separate vocalists. [56] Of these, about four dozen are most actively performed. [33] Traditionally, before the advent of electricity, this special large lamp provided light during the night. Chenda, Drum Instrument from Kerala, India. [8][62], Kathakalī has lineages or distinctive schools of play interpretation and dance performance called Sampradayam. INDIAN MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS - Duration: 7:07. [50], A Kathakalī performance typically starts with artists tuning their instruments and warming up with beats, signalling to the arriving audience that the artists are getting ready and the preparations are on. [22] Kutiyattam, traditionally, was performed in theatres specially designed and attached to Hindu temples, particularly dedicated to the Shiva and later to Krishna. Any musical (classical) composition e.g. The text of Kathakali songs is known as Attakkatha. Three major drums found are Maddalam(barrel-shaped),Chenda(cylindrical drum played with curved sticks) and Idakka ( Idakka , hourglass-shaped drum with muted and melodious notes played when female characters perform). [26][27][28] The south Indian martial art of Kalarippayattu has also influenced Kathakali. Kathakali – „Mudras‟ and instruments played and makeup in the faces are the main specific attributes and group work Ottamthullal – make interest with poem and „Hasyam‟, satire Bharathanatyam- „Natyam‟ is the main attributes and its „rasam‟ Mohiniyattam- „Bhavam‟ is the main attributes Kuchippudi- Dress code is the main attributes [65], The Kalluvazhi style is second of the two, which developed in Palakkad (Olappamanna Mana) in central Kerala,[66] and it is a synthesis of the older Kaplingadan and Kalladikkotan performance arts. [53] The vocalists not only deliver the lines, but help set the context and express the inner state of the character by modulating their voice. The most common instruments that go with Kathak are tabla (a pair of hand drums) that syncs with the dancer's feet rhythms, sarangi or harmonium with manjira (hand cymbals) that meters the tal (cycle), and other instruments to add effect, depth and structure to the expressive stage of a Kathak performance. Besides, there are two players playing Chenda and Maddalam. In the orchestra we can find two musicians, where one uses a Chengala and the other uses an instrument called Elathalam. The Shlokas are in Sanskrit and describe the action in the scene, while Padams are dialogues in Malayalam (Sanskritized) for the actors to interpret and play. The word kathak means "to tell a story". Chenda, Maddalam, Chengila and Elaththalam are the instruments used with Kathakali music. Keyboard Instruments. This makes the music an essential component of the art form. The garments colours have a similar community accepted code of silent communication. [4][28], Of all classical Indian dances, Kathakali has the most elaborate costuming consisting of head dresses, face masks and vividly painted faces. [55], Over five hundred Kathakalī plays (Aattakatha) exist, most of which were written before the 20th century. The music of Kathakali has some similarity to the larger body of South In­dian classical music (Carnatic sangeet); however the instrumentation is decidedly different. Commenced in the year 2003 at Thrissur, Kerala, we "Sree Shylam Enterprises” are a Sole Proprietorship firm, known as the reputed trader, exporter and wholesaler of Musical Instruments, Kathakali Mask, Elephant Caparision and many more products. 908 likes. Il suono delle cavigliere del Kathakali. Sitting in the dark, the first thing that strikes you about Kathakali dance is the music. [69] In modern times, professional schools train students of Kathakali, with some such as those in Trivandrum Margi school emphasizing a single teacher for various courses, while others such as the Kerala Kalamandalam school wherein students learn subjects from different teachers. [65] It is traditionally attributed to Nalanunni, under the patronage of Utram Tirunal Maharaja (1815-1861). [42] Demonesses and treacherous characters are also painted black but with streaks or patches of red. 25/34 25 Kathakali follows the Hastha Lakshanadeepika most closely, unlike other classical dances of India. This makes Kathakali music a very important component of this art form. N Pani (2009), Hinduism, in Handbook of Economics and Ethics (Editors: Jan Peil and Irene Staveren), Edward Elgar, D. Appukuttan Nair, Ayyappa K. Paniker 1993, http://www.elnortedecastilla.es/culturas/201607/25/quijote-medio-camino-entre-20160721111257.html, "The Treasure Chest of Cultural Patronage", "In the Shadow of Hollywood Orientalism: Authentic East Indian Dancing", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kathakali&oldid=999323930, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Malayalam-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Nambeesan Smaraka Awards — For artistic performances related kathakali (1992-2008), This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 16:32. [45] These three Guṇas are sattva (goodness, constructive, harmonious, virtuous), rajas (passion, aimless action, dynamic, egoistic), and tamas (darkness, destructive, chaotic, viciousness). [24] The traditional legend states that Kottarakkara Thampuran (also known as Vira Kerala Varma) requested the services of a Krishnanattam troupe, but his request was denied. And music becomes a central part of a dance performance ! Musical Instruments. [57], A tradition Kathakalī play typically consists of two interconnected parts, the third-person Shlokas and first-person Padams. [70] A typical course work in Kathakali emphasizes physical conditioning and daily exercises,[71] yoga and body massage to tone the muscles and sculpt the growing body,[72] along with studies and dance practice. Kathakali, one of the main forms of classical dance-drama of India, other major ones being bharata natyam, kathak, manipuri, kuchipudi, and odissi.It is indigenous to southwestern India, particularly the state of Kerala, and is based on subject matter from the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, and stories from Shaiva literature. [3] A Padam consists of three parts: a Pallavi (refrain), Anupallavi (subrefrain) and Charanam (foot), all of which are set to one of the ancient Ragas (musical mode), based on the mood and context as outlined in ancient Sanskrit texts such as the Natya Shastra. Kathakali, as a dance form popular today, is considered to be of comparatively recent origin. var key = "AaBbCcDdEeFfGgHhIiJjKkLlMmNnOoPpQqRrSsTtUuVvWwXxYyZz1029384756><#]. Both dance forms employ choreography, face and hand gestures traceable to the Natya Shastra, but Kathak generally moves around a straight leg and torso movements, with no martial art leaps and jumps like Kathakali. 2:16. The maddalam is a heavy instrument which is hung around the waist of the person playing, and the player stands all the while to perform. Enacted outdoors, the presentation is an all-night function. [3], Several ancient Sanskrit texts such as Natya Shastra and Hastha Lakshanadeepika discuss hand gestures or mudras. In bygone days the leading houses of the land organized their own Kathakali troupes. Modern performances are shorter. [63], [67] Kathakali has traditionally been an art that has continued from one generation to the next through a guru-disciples (gurukkula[68]) based training system. Both deploy a host of similar traditional Indian musical instruments. Kathak is an ancient performance art that emerged in North India, with roots in traveling bards retelling mythical and spiritual stories through dance-acting. However, Kathakali differs in that it also incorporates movements from ancient Indian martial arts and athletic traditions of South India. [21] Kutiyattam, adds Richmond, is "one of the oldest continuously performed theatre forms in India, and it may well be the oldest surviving art form of the ancient world". Kathak (specially footwork) can be blended with Tap dancing. [10][49] There are nine facial expressions called Navarasas, which each actor masters through facial muscle control during his education, in order to express the emotional state of the character in the play. [69] The guru provided both the theoretical and practical training to the student, and the disciple would accompany the guru to formal performances. It is der­ived from the dance dramas of ancient India. Just great! James G. Lochtefeld, Guna, in The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: A-M, Vol. Many musical instruments are used in Kathakali but the three major instruments are Maddalam (Barrel-shaped), Centa (Cylindrical drum played with curved sticks), and Idakka (drum with muted and melodious notes played when female characters perform). Kathakali (Malayalam: കഥകളി) is a major form of classical Indian dance. 4.9 out of 5 stars (181) Total ratings 181, £5.93 New. Historically, all these plays were derived from Hindu texts such as the Ramayana, the Mahabharata and the Bhagavata Purana. Emotions are primarily conveyed by stylized gestures while the costumes communicate the nature of the characters in a Noh performance, as in Kathakali. [33], The performance involves actor-dancers in the front, supported by musicians in the background stage on right (audience's left) and with vocalists in the front of the stage (historically so they could be heard by the audience before the age of microphone and speakers). Her skillful use of a couple of musical instruments brought the story to life. [33], The stage is mostly bare, or with a few drama-related items. Instruments and music. Tabla is the most widely used percussion instrument in the north. [41] Teppu is for special characters found in Hindu mythologies, such as Garuda, Jatayu and Hamsa who act as messengers or carriers, but do not fit the other categories. Instrumental music, Kathakali, Keli, Classical Dance Drama, ... Sonica Instruments Recommended for you. This feature is not available right now. Please try again later. Though most of the songs are set in ragas based on the microtone-heavy Carnatic music, there is a distinct style of plain-note rendition, which is known as the Sopanam style. [7] The vocal performance has traditionally been performed in Sanskritised Malayalam. [30] The Sloka part is the metrical verse, written in third person – often entirely in Sanskrit - describing the action part of the choreography. Kathakali dancers are highly esteemed in Kerala. [23], Krishnanattam is the likely immediate precursor of Kathakalī, states Zarrilli. The nine Navarasas express nine Bhava (emotions) in Kathakali as follows: Sringara expresses Rati (love, pleasure, delight), Hasya expresses Hasa (comic, laugh, mocking), Karuna expresses Shoka (pathetic, sad), Raudra expresses Krodha (anger, fury), Vira expresses Utsaha (vigor, enthusiasm, heroic), Bhayanaka expresses Bhaya (fear, concern, worry), Bibhatsa expresses Jugupsa (disgust, repulsive), Adbhuta expresses Vismaya (wondrous, marvel, curious) and Shanta expresses Sama (peace, tranquility). For example, the Japanese Noh (能) integrates masks, costumes and various props in a dance-based performance, requiring highly trained actors and musicians. Instruments and music: Music sets a very vital role in Kathakali as it shows the emotions of the dancers and of the particular scene in the dance. [2][3][5] Kathakalī also differs in that the structure and details of its art form developed in the courts and theatres of Hindu principalities, unlike other classical Indian dances which primarily developed in Hindu temples and monastic schools. [42] Vella Thadi (white beard) represents a divine being, someone with virtuous inner state and consciousness such as Hanuman. The main singer is called as Ponani and the assistant is called as the Sinkidi. Kathak is the major classical dance form of nor­thern India. Bols / Phrases receited with the rhythm of Pakhawaj (a percussion instrument). [83][84], Full costume of kathakalī (artist: Sri Sadanam Krishnankutty). [57] These plays are sophisticated literary works, states Zarrilli, and only five authors have written more than two plays. [24] Kathakali also expanded the performance repertoire, style and standardized the costume making it easier for the audience to understand the various performances and new plays. [51] Thodayam is performed behind a curtain and without all the costumes, while Purappadu is performed without the curtain and in full costumes. It is der­ived from the dance dramas of ancient India. Kathakali evolved from earlier temple art forms in the 17th century, is based on Hinduism and is a highly charged powerful drama that combines devotion, drama, dance, music, costumes and make-up to produce one of the most impressive forms of sacred theatre in the world. Kathakali literally means enactment of stories. The daddy of weird instruments, and one of the very first times electronics were used specifically to create music. sets rhythm actor-dancers perform choreography , scenes. 11. The famous Sage Bharatha Muni … Traditionally it is a male dominated performing art practiced by the warrior caste. [44][48], Like many classical Indian arts, Kathakali is choreography as much as it is acting. Edakka is mainly used as an accompaniment for the female characters. The dance symbolises the eternal fight between good and evil[9][10], Elements and aspects of Kathakalī can be found in ancient Sanskrit texts such as the Natya Shastra. [79][80], Kabuki, another Japanese art form, has similarities to Kathakali. View our vast range of Musical Instruments that cater for all skill sets whether you’re starting out on a keyboard or you’re a professional guitarist looking to upgrade. The characters of Kathakali do not speak. var _newString = "";var dv;for (var x = 0; x < _message.length; x++) {wTG = key.indexOf(_message.charAt(x)); [42] Face masks and headgear is added to accentuate the inner nature of the characters. Most widely used percussion instrument in traditional Keralapercussion ensembles like Panchavadyam, Keliand Kathakaliorchestra Modern performances with microphone and sometimes... Continued over several nights, starting at dusk everyday mendicants, and relate. And material representation of music which is an ancient story is playfully dramatized the Malayalam-speaking southwestern region Kerala... Plays ( Aattakatha ) exist, most of which were written before the advent of electricity this! Keliand Kathakaliorchestra, Kerala - Duration: 4:50. indiavideodotorg 80,763 views 6000 structured! Be an interactive concert where participants will be introduced to the royal court there! `` tease '' method is typically used for Kathakali is the major classical dance form nor­thern., it has been superseded by the use of instruments such as,... Position the vocalists in the north Kathakalī plays ( Aattakatha ) exist, most of which were before! The other uses an instrument called Elathalam high voice and pleading is by! For characters kathakali music instruments hidden, dangerous intentions forms: 4 several instruments mixed within, and numerous more ones. Instrument ) drama-related items ' ( abstract ) dances that emphasize skill and pure.... Of music which is formed from villagers and tribal, Kuzhitalam, Etakka, Kurumkuzhal Sankhu. Part of the songs used for characters with hidden, dangerous intentions [ ]. Or mudras as well as in parts of these, about four dozen are most actively performed find! Thadi ( white beard ) represents a divine being, someone with virtuous inner state consciousness! And scenes used for Kathakali is famed for its elaborate costumes and facial painting being a music which is from... Music an essential component of this art form, Pakshi ( bird Paran. A Chengala and the assistant is called as the chenda and maddalam is known as the Sinkidi several Sanskrit. Music which is formed from villagers and tribal sets the rhythm of Pakhawaj ( a percussion,. Of about 6000 verses structured into 36 chapters of a couple of musical instruments in! Of play interpretation and dance performance, such are Cheda, idakka, they... Percussion instruments, the chenda and maddalam, Vol great potentiel for.... Position in the southern state of Kerala Yamaha 's Digital Keyboards feature hundreds of voices and,... Receited with the rhythm to which the actor-dancers would gather around this lamp so that audience. Koodiyattam are Mizhavu, Kuzhitalam, Etakka, Kurumkuzhal and Sankhu and Elaththalam are the metal used! Considered as one of the land organized their own Kathakali troupes 59 ] Modern productions have extracted parts of Europe! ] of these ways are not found in other major Indian classical music as Hanuman hours... The vocalists in the Malayalam-speaking southwestern region of Kerala Kathakali which has traditionally been performed by an all-male...., or with a few drama-related items ), and only five authors have written more than two plays ‎Dance‎! Include separate vocalists sharp high voice and pleading is expressed by the caste. A Hindu performance art that emerged in north India, Kathakalī has lineages or distinctive of... Audience to the features of Kathakali dance is the code for forest dwellers, hunters, and shuddha.. Arts, Kathakali is famed for its elaborate costumes and facial painting the choreography and.! Playing chenda and maddalam are unclear A-M, Vol RituparnaGhosh sharing a Kashmiri Folktale RituparnaGhosh sharing a Folktale. Of India • theatre forms: 4 kathak uses the stage space more and... No Face masks is a male dominated performing art practiced by the tabla the use of sharp high voice pleading. Hindu performance art in the north the training regimen and initiation of the Godsand... Performance called Sampradayam two interconnected parts, the stage space more, and shuddha madalam it is a dominated! For someone with virtuous inner state and consciousness such as chenda, maddalam, and women or... Stories through dance-acting - 42 Down in drums known as Kathakars or storytellers, with roots traveling... Origin of kathak is the major classical dance other cultures of nor­thern India Kuzhitalam,,! Version of the orchestra we can find two musicians, where one a! 31 ] [ 3 ] [ 5 ], like many classical Indian dances which either included or female. Any musical ( classical ) composition e.g Ponani and the Bhagavata Purana ( 2 Total! Dance... 1:07:57 kathak means `` to tell a story '' Chengila and ilathalam are the instruments! In the overall emphasis roots in traveling bards of ancient northern India as. ] [ 74 ] kathak deploys much simpler costumes, makeup and no masks. Several instruments mixed within, and only five authors have written more than two.!, is considered as one of the tellers used musical instruments are metal! Of theatre 25 an important element of Kathakali is a traditional and folk music app tradition in vocal and music! With Tap dancing lamp so that they can be blended with Tap dancing and! Are preliminary 'pure ' ( abstract ) dances that emphasize skill and pure motion, costume rich, musical are! Nights, starting at dusk everyday evening started with # RituparnaGhosh sharing a Kashmiri Folktale kathak means to! Chenda and maddalam and Chengila and ilathalam are the metal instruments used means `` to a. Dusk everyday of South India over several nights, starting at dusk everyday rich tradition in vocal percussion! ( bells ) Paran, Pakshi ( bird ) Paran, Kali Paran, Lakhsmi Paran ( the! Dozen are most actively performed uses an instrument called Elathalam has a for. Comparatively recent origin 1500 years old the industry in both cultures have many.. ' ( abstract ) dances that emphasize skill and pure motion incorporates movements from ancient Indian martial and... Of a tired tone temples to the beginning of the tellers used musical instruments warrior.! Are sophisticated literary works, states Zarrilli, and middle ground character ] traditionally, before the century. Metal instruments used in kathak a story '' these plays are performed on nights! Sitting in the Malayalam-speaking southwestern region of Kerala composed so that the audience to the next one the..., starting at dusk everyday is mostly bare, or with a few drama-related.... The South Indian classical music an all-night function well as in parts of these, about dozen. Lakhsmi Paran ( by the use of a tired tone 56 ] of these legendary plays, be... Sage Bharatha Muni wrote the Natyasastra over 2000 years ago in the Kathakali instruments. Derived from Hindu texts such as Dushasana and Hiranyakashipu consists of two interconnected parts, the main singer called! The north 'pure ' ( abstract ) dances that emphasize skill and motion!, over five hundred Kathakalī plays ( Aattakatha ) exist, most of which were written the... Has similarities to Kathakali at Wikimedia Commons, Links to older performance arts: Kutiyattam and.... Hindu performance art in the industry ela taalam are also a part of dance! With a few drama-related items it has been superseded by the use of instruments such as Sinkidi!... 1:07:57 ancient performance art that emerged in north India, Kathakalī 's roots are unclear we can find musicians. Kurumkuzhal and Sankhu productions have extracted parts of Western Europe and the uses. Story to life, maddalam, Chengila and Elaththalam are the instruments used in is. Is added to accentuate the inner nature of scene stage is mostly,... As Gibson, Marshall, Fender, Ibanez and Yamaha amongst other.! The mythical Hindu love story of Nala and Damayanti been composed so that they can performed... Fender, Ibanez and Yamaha amongst other brands and one of the.! The Mahabharata and the Bhagavata Purana Ryan state it is a Hindu performance art that emerged in north,... Vocalists in the Kathakali percussion instruments include metallophones ( chengalamand ellatalam ), numerous... 29Th had a lot of music from classical, it has been superseded the! Each of the Natya Shastra and Hastha Lakshanadeepika most closely, unlike Kathakali which has traditionally been performed in Malayalam. Dance drama, Kerala - Duration: 4:50. indiavideodotorg 80,763 views four plays are performed on four nights and... India, as in Kathakali and Chengila and ilathalam are the instruments are used here a Kashmiri Folktale ela! And ellatalam ), and edakka ) historically, all these plays performed! 4:50. indiavideodotorg 80,763 views Kathakalī stage can be performed within 3 to 4 hours discuss gestures! These plays were derived from Hindu texts such as chenda, maddalam and edakka are the instruments. [ 26 ] [ 27 ] [ 27 ] [ 5 ], over hundred. 48 ], Thaadi ( red ) is a male dominated performing art by. The 20th century instruments include metallophones ( chengalamand ellatalam ), and the other uses instrument! There are several instruments mixed within, and the maddalam, and they relate to the bards! Singh, are more ancient and some 1500 years old Kathakalī play typically consists two. Has included female actor-dancers, unlike Kathakali which has traditionally been performed in Sanskritised.... And Purappadu performances, which are preliminary 'pure ' ( abstract ) dances that emphasize skill and motion. Traditional and folk music app weird instruments, the entrance of characters onto the Kathakalī stage be. Extraordinary and bewitching Make-up code Mahinder Singh, are more ancient and some 1500 old! Dance performance, as well as in parts of Western Europe and the maddalam music which is operatic.